Are you planning to buy a flat or a house in Barcelona, whether as a primary residency or as a holiday property? You don´t know where to start? You don´t know the Spanish legislation?
We give you some useful tips on how to buy a house successfully and we tell you everything you need to know before buying a property in Barcelona.
Barcelona is indubitably one of the most creative and vibrant metropolis in Europe: its pleasant climate, its diverse gastronomy, its beaches and mountains, its multicultural environment and its intense business, cultural and commercial life makes it one of the privileged destinations for those who want to buy a property or invest in the real estate market in Barcelona.
Once you have made the decision to buy a property, you have to take into account some important aspects, as follow:
- Location, location, location: location is key when investing in a property: Whether to live or to rent, it is important to look at factors such as the proximity to shops and businesses, to educational centers, parks and green areas, and the efficiency of public transport, which will always keep your investment growing.
- You have to calculate very well the budget you want to spend, taking into account all expenses and taxes associated with the real estate purchase: community fees, doorman fees, IBI property taxes, different supplies and the budget of the reforms to be carried out if any.
- You must assess the type of property you want to acquire. Whether you want to use it as a primary residence or as an investment, you have to identify very well your needs: a single-family house, a flat with terrace, number of bedrooms, necessity to have a parking, to be reformed or not, etc.
After defining your needs and the features of the property you wish to acquire, you have to start with the search, selection and visit of the different real estate assets.
After the search and selection process, and when you have finally chosen the property you wish to acquire, it is necessary to follow the following steps:
- Purchase offer and negotiation: after choosing the property you wish to buy and after checking the legal status of the property, you must submit a purchase offer to the seller with a price proposal. When the negotiation is concluded successfully, the next step is to sign a private contract between the seller and the buyer to reserve the property: “the Arras contract”.
- Signature of the Arras contract or Deposit contract: it is a private agreement signed between the seller and the buyer in order to reserve the property and which specifies the price and conditions previously agreed between both parties. The buyer must pay a deposit, normally a 10% of the property purchase price. An Arras contract is not mandatory. If the two parties trust each other, they can decide to sign directly the final purchase deed.
- Verification of all the documentation: Before signing the final purchase deed at the notary, you have to do the necessary due diligence and verify all administrative and legal requirements. You have to check the property title, the cadastral information, the certificate of occupancy, the certificate of energy performance, and that the payment of the IBI property taxes and the different supplies is up to date.
- Signature of the final purchase deed at the notary: after having done all the necessary due diligence, you must verify that the purchase deed defends your interests before signing it. In the presence of a notary, both parties will sign the purchase deed; the buyer will pay the missing amount to the seller and the seller will provide the buyer with the property title.
Taxes and expenses associated with the purchase:
For the buyer:
- 10% ITP (Patrimonial Transmission Tax) if it is a second-hand property or 10% VAT if it is a new construction.
- between 5% and 2% for notary fees, stamps and registration to the Property Registry. It can change if the property is acquired with or without a mortgage.
For the seller:
- The plusvalia property tax. It is a local tax based on the increased value of an urban land that the seller has to pay as a result of the Property transmission (flat, house, premises, parking space …). It is calculated on the number of years the seller has owned the property and on the real value of the property determined by the property registry. You can do the procedure online on the website of the Barcelona Town Hall or in person with a copy of the deed.
- The seller must also assume all administrative expenses to cancel the previous debts if necessary (mortgage, debts related to community fees, the IBI etc.)
This purchasing process can result difficult for a buyer, whether national or international, who does not know the Spanish legislation and bureaucracy. At BARCELO PROPERTY INVEST, we offer you all the assistance you need to make this entire purchasing process easier and faster, and to avoid you any possible surprises.